The primary school that is following the maternal section, is the foundation and the very basis of education. Montaigne declares this: “a well-made rather than a well-filled head”. This statement allows us to support the idea that a full head of primary education is the basis of education, it is the key to education and the staggering level of pupil training, because at this level, if the basics are poorly laid, the success of further education will not be easy to manage. Manage a child education is to give him the weapons to defend himself alone in everyday life, in this sense, A. Bergé says: to teach him how to do without us
The primary school must allow each student to make the basic learning that will contribute to the gradual development of his intellectual autonomy and to address the knowledge that will be offered by the high school. While acquiring the essential basic knowledge, the student must formally undertake the learning of the working methods that will be essential for his later studies and begin to learn other training contents as well as the main characteristics of the training of the society and the values to be promoted.